Nirvana is a not merely a word. It is a whole philosophy that originated from Dharmas such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Jainism. Oxford dictionary defines it as a supernatural idea when there is no suffering, desire, and personal self. Nirvana marks the eventual goal of life to be free from the cycle of birth and death. Karma (actions), which finds enormous importance in Indian religions, is the central philosophical element of Nirvana. Yoga is closely related to the concept of Nirvana, since the ancient science is thought to be the best way to attain the state of ultimate freedom. In the Vedic era, yogis and saints used to practice Yoga in order to reach the goal of Moksha, another term for Nirvana.
Here, we’ll discuss five major components for achieving Nirvana.
Meditation is an integral part of Yoga and is a practice of mindfulness. To achieve Nirvana, the mind practice plays an important role. The origin of meditation is hard to trace but it has been practiced by people of different faiths since time immemorial. In yogic philosophy, the mental practice is all about concentrating on a single object. It is practiced to improve one’s power of maintaining a deeper bonding between the mind and body with the soul. Mental clarity, spiritual calmness, and complete tranquility are some of the core objectives of Meditation.
Karm Pradhan Ideology
Although almost all texts of Yoga and Dharma talk about Karma, the way the Holy Gita describes the importance of Karma is just incredible. Karma pradhan is the paramount thesis of Hinduism, from where Yoga originated. It states that our actions, and nothing else, determine our future. This is about selfless service to humanity without any expectation. When you spend your life thinking about others, serving people in need the universe conspires to offer you the best reward. The act of kindness is thought to be the finest form of action that leads one to become anger-free, greed-free, and arrogance-free.
“Your work is your responsibility,
not its result.
Never let the fruits of your actions
be your motive.
Nor give it to inaction.”
- Srimad Bhagavad Gita
Devotion towards a God is known as Bhakti. To achieve Nirvana, it is very important for a person to devote oneself to the supreme creator. Since there are a number of philosophical schools in Hinduism, one is free to choose his/her god to dedicate his/her life to. A Shaivite is supposed to worship Lord Shiva while a follower of Shaktism may worship Goddess Parvati. The path is described as the best way to form a sacred union with the most powerful God, the creator of this universe. Bhakti Marga brings love, tolerance, empathy, and solicitude in a practitioner’s life by eliminating all the negative aspects of one’s life. While following the Bhakti Marga, a person is guided by the Lord himself.
Path of Self-realization
Path of self-realization is often related to Jnana Marga. The marga is all about knowledge of the self. The practice of this philosophy is called Jnana Yoga, which finds an answer to questions such as “who am I and what am I”. The spiritual practice acts as a mirror that reflects the real image of one’s soul. It is believed that the biggest form of wisdom comes from the knowledge of one’s own soul, which is the key to attaining Nirvana. Without knowing oneself, there is no way one is going to master the understanding of this world. Hatha Yoga and Meditation are thought to be the two pillars of the road to self-consciousness.
Control over one’s senses is another way to attain Nirvana, one of the principal elements of which is having no any desire. The state is called utter satisfaction. Human mind plays the most important part in owning a complete authority on the senses. The idea is inscribed in various yogic texts as Yoga is prescribed as the finest way to walk on the path that leads to sense control. Following the spiritual style of enjoying life, far from the challenging strand of life is called Self-restraint. Give a good amount of time to the practice of Pranayama, the breathing Yoga. The breath-based exercise is closely associated with inner purity.
Author Bio : Bipin Baloni is a passionate Yogi, Yoga Teacher and a Traveller in India. He organizes Ayurveda Courses India. He loves writing and reading books related to yoga, health, nature and the Himalayas.